On this page: This page outlines what you can do if you experience discrimination or victimisation.

Understanding Discrimination


Discrimination is when you have been treated unfairly because of something about yourself; like being a certain ethnicity or cultural background.

Discrimination includes the following situations if they are the cause of unfair treatment:

  • you are from a particular race or cultural background.
  • You are a particular gender

There are many other situations. The following situations may be considered discrimination if you have been treated unfairly because; 

  • you have a short-term illness like coronavirus
  • you are providing care to someone 
  • you have previously had an illness
  • you have a disability

There are laws to protect people from discrimination because of a disability, because they have parental or carer responsibilities, or because of their race. 

Workplace Discrimination

Workplace discrimination occurs when an employer takes adverse action against a person who is an employee or prospective employee because of the following attributes of the person including but not limited to:

  • race
  • colour
  • sex
  • sexual orientation
  • age
  • physical or mental disability 



Victimisation is when someone subjects, or threatens to subject, another person to some form of detriment or harm, because they have:

  • made a complaint of discrimination or sexual harassment;
  • provided evidence, information or documents in relation to a complaint of discrimination or sexual harassment;
  • refused to do something that would make them contravene anti-discrimination laws;
  • made an allegation that another person has acted unlawfully under anti-discrimination laws.

Victimisation is prohibited under both Federal and State law.

If you think you have been treated unfairly, VALS may be able to assist, call 
1800 064 865.