With a population of over 100,000 people; Ballarat is the regional capital of Western Victoria. The municipality encompasses the entire city of Ballarat and several outlying villages.
Ballarat has a significant Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population of over 1200. VALS has been providing legal services to the region for over 40 years and operates a dedicated office in the municipality. Over 20% of the population in Ballarat is under the age of 15.